The reports states that resource scarcity in India makes it difficult for the Government to attain the above objectives and calls for collaborative efforts of both the Government and private sector towards strengthening the sports ecosystem. Long term sustainability of commercial ventures in the Indian sports sector would require sustained audience interest driven by India’s winning performances at international sporting events.
Sports not only boost the youth and instil pride among citizens, but also facilitate social and economic development of a nation. Sports sector is seen to have a significant socio-economic impact worldwide contributing to 1-5% of national GDP. This can be achieved by building a sporting culture in the country.
However, in India sports is not recognised as an industry yet, limiting corporate investments except in cricket and a few other leagues. Being home to various upcoming leagues and the youngest population in the world, India’s sports sector offers tremendous growth potential.
Ajit M Sharan, Secretary, Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports released the CII - KPMG report at the Scorecard 2014, CII’s National conference on Sports.
Earlier Atul Singh, Chairman, CII National Committee on Sports and Group President (Asia), The Coca Cola Company, highlighted Industry’s role of “going beyond Sponsorships and CSR activity and the need for a policy shift to recognize Sports as an industry”. He said, “this would help actualize the India@75 vision for broad-basing sports in India, and promote excellence in Sports, by promoting infrastructure development, providing technical support for athletes, as well as grooming talented sportspersons”. “Corporate funding in sports may be the answer to ignite sports development in India. The gestation period for realizing return on such investments may be long, but global experience shows us that it could be potentially rewarding’, added Jaideep Ghosh, Partner, KPMG in India Global sports industry is estimated to be worth around US$ 600 billion and growing at a rate higher than national gross domestic product rates around the world. While direct sports revenues are dominated by gate collections, sponsorships, media rights, the sports sector may comprise several segments such as sports tourism, sporting equipment manufacturing and retail, sports apparel, recreational sports, high school and college athletics, as well as associated businesses such as sports marketing, sports medicine, venues & infrastructure, hospitality and merchandising.
Key issues and recommendations
Some key issues have been identified across various segments of the ecosystem and a set of recommendations have been suggested to drive their resolution.
|Segment of the ecosystem||Issue||Recommendation|
Lack of sports culture in India
• Nationwide campaign to raise awareness on sports
• Implementation of a uniform sports policy across all states• Active regional/local media supporting the cause of developing sports in India
Limited funding avenues in sports
|• Provision of industry status to sports Sports governance|
Lack of transparency
|• Strict implementation of the Sports Bill 2013|
Limited community-level engagement in sports despite the Panchayat Yuva Krida
Aur Khel Abhiyan (PYKKA)
• Incorporation of a community-level Engagement Team under the aegis of Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports(MYAS) which may also help NSFs organise competitions
Limited commercial focus of governing bodies
|• Institution of a Corporate Relations Team under the aegis of MYAS that could help Sports Authority of India (SAI) and the community-level Engagement team to deliver on their plans|
Talent scouting and training of players and trainers
Lack of coordination among the concerned bodies affecting professional uptake of sports
|• Identifying and promoting collaboration among all concerned stakeholders to encourage more innovative business collaborations|
|Lack of coaches and technical know-how on sports in India||• Collaboration between SAI and National Sports Federations (NSFs) to train coaches|
Scarcity of playing spaces and high capital expenditure required to establish private training academies
|• Allowing access of public infrastructure to private training academies in lieu of reasonable fees|
|• Consideration of alternative modes of financing such as revenues from naming rights by private academy owners|
|Imposition of customs duty on training equipment imported by private academies vs. duty exemption on the same import by the Government||• Relief/exemption from duty for private academies if the equipment is imported for academy players who have consistently performed well at the inter-state or national level or above|
Inadequate support to former sportspersons launching private academies
|• Continued increase of public-private fund such as the National Sports Development Fund (NSDF) could provide financial support to upcoming academies|
Talent scouting and training of players and trainers
Lack of awareness on opportunities for sports coaches
|• Central and state Governments and NSFs may promote awareness on opportunities for sport coaches by providing case studies on typical career paths, opportunities for further development and companies’ recruiting coaches|
|Lack of specialized courses in nutrition, sports medicine and psychology||• Evaluation of demand by the Government for these courses and the establishment of lucrative incentives by the Government for their inclusion in existing private and public Universities|
Insufficient legacy planning for various games hosted by India leading to poor asset monetisation
|• Legacy planning to be done before the construction of stadia/assets begins in order to incorporate future requirements post international events as per the legacy plan into design of assets|
Limited implementation of existing schemes
• Mandatory implementation and periodic review by the Central Government on the status of implementation of schemes such as PYKKA and National Playing Fields Association of India(NPFAI), at the state level
|• Revision of policies and consideration of methods such as innovative PPP models by the Government to attract corporate investment in sports.|
|• Creation of repository of case studies of successful instances of corporate investment in infrastructure Sports equipment Lack of a unified representation for the sports equipment industry|
|Lack of a unified representation for the sports equipment industry||• Integration of sports apparel exports with the Sports Goods Export Promotion Council (SGEPC) for holistic promotion of the sports products sector|
Non-recognition of some sports training import items as sports goods
|• Government policy could be targeted at bucketing some equipment for sports training under sports goods and levying customs duty accordingly, for instance wrestling mats and boxing gloves may be treated as just sports goods and not classified under generic gloves and mats|
Leagues and tournaments
|Lack of transparency in the governance of leagues||• Implementation of a uniform robust legal framework for governance across all leagues|
|Poor monetization of leagues||• Better packaging of events can make the leagues spectator friendly|
|Limited engagement of franchises with local communities||• Concentrated efforts by franchises to engage with local community to build fan base and, hence, attract audiences|
Performance incentives for sportspersons
|Lack of policy ensuring financial security post-retirement for some players||• Collaboration among NSFs and sports consulting firms to plan players’ careers post-retirement|
|• Provision of industry status to sports|
|• Active collaboration among stakeholders to help strengthen the commercial aspect of leagues and franchises.|
• Lack of clarity on the:
–– Rates at which prize money and unguaranteed participation fee would be taxed.
–– Taxability of global sponsorship and advertisement revenue and prize money i.e., whether to tax global sponsorship, advertisement revenue and prize money in India and to what extent.–– Taxation mechanism if there is a triangular treaty scenario.